1. Boot the computer using the XP CD. You may need to change the
      boot order in the system BIOS. Check your system documentation
      for steps to access the BIOS and change the boot order.
  2. When you see the “Welcome To Setup” screen, you will see the
     options below This portion of the Setup program prepares Microsoft
     Windows XP to run on your computer:

   To setup Windows XP now, press ENTER.

   To repair a Windows XP installation using Recovery Console, press R.

   To quit Setup without installing Windows XP, press F3.

    3. Press Enter to start the Windows Setup.

      do not choose “To repair a Windows XP installation using the
      Recovery Console, press  R”, (you do not want to load Recovery
      Console). I repeat, do not choose “To repair a Windows XP
      installation using the Recovery Console, press  R”.

    4. Accept the License Agreement and Windows will search for existing
       Windows installations.

    5. Select the XP installation you want to repair from the list and
       press R to start the repair. If Repair is not one of the options,
       read  this Warning!!

    6. Setup will copy the necessary files to the hard drive and reboot.
       Do not press any key to boot from CD when the message appears.
       Setup will continue as if it were doing a clean install, but your
       applications and settings will remain intact.
    Blaster worm warning: Do not immediately activate over the internet
    when asked, enable the XP firewall
    [ http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=283673 ]
    before connecting to the internet. You can activate after the
    firewall is enabled. Control Panel – Network Connections. Right click
    the connection you use, Properties, and there is a check box on the
    Advanced [ http://michaelstevenstech.com/xpfirewall1.jpg ] page.

    7. Reapply updates or service packs applied since initial Windows XP
    installation. Please note that a Repair Install from the Original
    install XP CD will remove SP1/SP2 and service packs will need to be
    Service Pack 2
    An option I highly recommend is creating a Slipstreamed XP CD with SP2.
    Slipstreaming Windows XP with Service Pack 2 (SP2)

    If the option to Repair Install is not available and you continue
    with the install;you will delete your Windows folder and Documents
    and Settings folder. All applications that place keys in the registry
    will need to be re-installed. You should exit setup if the repair
    option is not available and consider other options.

    Try the link below if the repair option is not available.
    Windows XP Crashed?
    Here’s Help.
    A salvage mission into the depths of Windows XP, explained by a

    by Charlie White

    Related links
    You May Lose Data or Program Settings After Reinstalling, Repairing,
    or Upgrading Windows XP (Q312369)

    System Restore “Restore Points” Are Missing or Deleted (Q301224)

    How to Perform an In-Place Upgrade (Reinstallation) of Windows XP
    Warning!! If the Repair Option is not Available
    What should I do? Most important do not ignore the information below!

    If the option to Repair Install is NOT available and you continue
    with the install; you will delete your Windows folder, Documents and
    Settings folders.  All Applications that place keys in the registry
    will need to be re-installed.

    You should exit setup if the repair option is not available and
    consider other options. I have found if the Repair option is not
    available, XP is usually not repairable and will require a Clean
    If you still have the ability to access the Windows XP installation,
    backup all important files not restorable from other sources before
    attempting any recovery console trouble shooting attempts.
    Possible Fix by reconfiguring boot.ini using Recovery Console.
    1.Boot with XP CD or 6 floppy boot disk set.
    2. Press R to load the Recovery Console.
    3. Type bootcfg.
    4. This should fix any boot.ini errors causing setup not to see the
       XP OS install.
    5. Try the repair install.

    One more suggestion from MVP Alex Nichol

    “Reboot, this time taking the immediate R option, and if the CD
     letter is say K: give these commands

    COPY K:i386ntldr C:
    COPY K:i386ntdetect.com C:

   (two other files needed – just in case)

   1. Type: ATTRIB -H -R -S C:boot.ini DEL C:boot.ini

   2. Type: BootCfg /Rebuild

   which will get rid of any damaged boot.ini, search the disk for
   systems and make a new one. This might even result in a damaged
   windows reappearing; but gives another chance of getting at the

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